Among the areas of concern are the commercialization of the school environment, the nutritional quality of the food offered in the vending machines, and the more complex question of how revenues from vending are directed. Department of Agriculture USDAwhich administers the school meal programs, has only limited authority over the competitive food, including vending. The Reauthorization of the Child Nutrition Act which covers school meals requires that each school district create a local wellness policy to address physical activity and nutrition, and many school districts are using these policies to address vending at the district level.
The purpose of this course is to familiarize and engage the student in the steps and dynamics of policy making processes that address nutrition problems and issues.
An underlying tenant is that, where ever nutrition problems exist, policy and program options may be enacted to address the problem directly e.
For the purpose of this course nutrition and food policy is viewed as a specific set of decisions with related actions, established by a government and often supported by special legislation, which address a nutrition or food problem or set of problems. We realize that the lack of an explicit government policy may represent an implicit "hands off" policy; however, in this course we want to focus on explicit government policies.
Effective policies include actions that enable policy goals to be achieved, and therefore should include a means of translating policy decisions into effective programs.
Policies that have not been realized through program implementation represent failures and should stimulate interest in understanding why the policies have remained barren. Good programs are the best measure of good policies, and we therefore include programs in our broad definition of policy.
Once a problem is defined with respect to "what, who, when, where and why," we then ask whether the problem requires or is amenable to a policy solution.
If so, what are the best options? Who are the stakeholders? Who will support or resist the policy?
Who pays for its implementation? What impact is expected? How is it evaluated? Traditionally, nutritional policies have been realized through programs that deliver, enable access, or encourage consumption of food or supplements; obviously, problems associated with over-nutrition will require a different approach.
Nutrition policies should be evidence-based and purposeful, aiming to meet nutritional needs; the same is not necessarily true of food policies, although they frequently will have nutritional effects. As background we discuss the evidence base of policies, but assuming the evidence base is sound, more important are: We evaluate policies on the extent to which they meet these criteria.
We recognize that implemented policies rarely play out so systematically, but we believe that these criteria are useful in understanding existing policies and designing new ones.Schools and Nutrition Policy Essay - Melissa Rossiter, currently an Assistant Professor in Applied Human Nutrition at Mount Saint Vincent University and a Registered Dietician, conducted a descriptive study through the means of a questionnaire in Food and nutrition policy for schools A tool for the development of school nutrition programmes in the European Region Programme for Nutrition and Food Security.
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The Reauthorization of the Child Nutrition Act (which covers school meals) requires that each school district create a local wellness policy to address physical activity and nutrition, and many school districts are using these policies to address vending at the district level.
Nutrition - Schools and Nutrition Policy. Analysis of Health Care Policy to Provide Healthier Schools Essay - Public health policy is a regulated legislative action taken to achieve health care goals within a society. The School Nutrition Policy Initiative (SNPI) was a policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) change intervention designed to improve prevalence of childhood obesity in school age children in Philadelphia.