Rajendra Chola Iruler of the southern Indian Chola kingdom, attacked the island inand there was another Chola raid in In the Javanese king Kertanagara probably attacked Temasek when he raided Pahang on the east coast of the peninsula. According to a Chinese traveler, Wang Dayuan, just before about 70 Tai Siamese war boats besieged Temasek for a month but had to withdraw. At the end of the 14th century, Temasek fell into decay and was supplanted by Malacca now Melaka.
Timah History singapore, the highest summit, has an elevation of only feet metres ; with other peaks, such as Panjang and Mandai hills, it forms a block of rugged terrain in the centre of the island.
History singapore the west and south are lower scarps with marked northwest-southeast trends, such as Mount Faber. The eastern part of the island is a low plateau cut by erosion into an intricate pattern of hills and valleys.
These physical units reflect their geologic foundations: Drainage and soils A dense network of short streams drains the island, but floods are locally severe because the streams have low gradients and because of excessive water runoff from cleared land.
Many streams, especially those draining northward, have broad mangrove-fringed estuaries that extend far inland. None of the soils is even reasonably fertile, but those derived from the granites tend to be better than most.
Soils developed from the sedimentary rocks are variable, but many contain hardpans compacted layers that restrict plant roots and impede soil drainage. The soils of eastern Singapore are extremely infertile. All have suffered extensive degradation through erosion as a result of generations of careless human exploitation.
Climate Singapore is in the equatorial monsoon region of Southeast Asia, and its climate is characterized by uniformly high temperatures and nearly constant precipitation throughout the year. The seasons are defined by the relative incidence of rainfall, which, in turn, is determined by the movements of the monsoon air masses.
The wettest and windiest period is during the northeast monsoon November—Marchwith rainfall reaching an average monthly high of more than 10 inches millimetres in December.
Conversely, the period of the least amount of rainfall and the lightest winds is during the southwest monsoon May—Septemberwith rainfall dropping to a monthly low of less than 7 inches in July. April and October are intermonsoonal periods characterized by sluggish air movements and intense afternoon showers and thunderstorms.
Plant and animal life Little remains of the original vegetation or animal life, except for a few thousand acres of evergreen rain forest preserved around catchment areas.
Some mangrove vegetation survives in the Kranji area on the northwest side of the island, but elsewhere tracts of scrub or cogon grass called lalang locally are common. Many exotic plants have been introduced for ornamental use. The largest native animals are the long-tailed macaque an Asian species of monkeythe slow loris a large-eyed tailless nocturnal lemurand the scaly anteater.
Birds are numerous, especially those like the Indian mynah bird, the brahminy kite a kite with reddish brown plumage and a white head and breastand the house swallow that have adapted to a symbiotic relationship with humans.
Reptiles, such as cobras and lizards, also are common. Fringing coral reefs with their associated fish and wildlife occur around many parts of the coast.
Terence Ong Settlement patterns The city of Singapore is situated in the southern portion of the main island.
Over time, urbanization has blurred the differences between city and country. Built-up areas now cover a large part of the city-state. The older parts of the city have been substantially refurbished, especially along the Singapore River but elsewhere as well. The once-common Chinese shop-house, consisting of living quarters above a commercial establishment, gradually has been disappearing from the city.
The new towns—such as Woodlands, Tampines, and Yishun—are scattered across the island and are characterized by easy access to places of employment and shopping districts. The traditional Malay kampong settlements—consisting of stilt houses built along the shoreline—are declining in number and are now found only in select rural areas.
The people Ethnolinguistic composition The population of Singapore is diversethe result of considerable past immigration.Our Way of Life Take a quick look at Singapore’s past and get to know our history, culture and people a little better.
The Raffles Effect The city's strategic location made it an ideal trading hub. The History of Singapore website was down for an indeterminate amount of time. The issue appears to have been with the wordpress installation. The written history of Singapore may date back to the third century.
Evidence suggests that a significant trading settlement existed in Singapore during the 14th century. In the late 14th century, Singapore was under the rule of Parameswara until he was expelled by the Majapahit or the Siamese.
The written history of Singapore may date back to the third century. Evidence suggests that a significant trading settlement existed in Singapore during the 14th century. In the late 14th century, Singapore was under the rule of Parameswara until he was expelled by the Majapahit or the Siamese.
Singapore: Singapore, city-state located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, about 85 miles ( km) north of the Equator. It consists of Singapore Island and some 60 small islets. Singapore is the largest port in Southeast Asia and one of the busiest in the world.
Learn more about Singapore in . Singapore: Singapore, city-state located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, about 85 miles ( km) north of the Equator. It consists of Singapore Island and some 60 small islets.
Singapore is the largest port in Southeast Asia and one of the busiest in the world.